It started in on BBC Radio 4lasting until with the fourth and final radio series. A one-off radio episode was broadcast on 3 November The title is taken from a quotation by the historian Lord Acton : "power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely".
Indeed, there is a scene on the last page of the novel In the Redin which the newly appointed director general of the BBC gives them the sack. The tone and style of Absolute Power is so different from the In the It was produced, like so much of Tavener's work, by Dawn Ellis. Prentiss is a man without morals, whose only objectives are money and power. He is portrayed as being the brains, while McCabe, though an excellent speech-writer, lacks his motivation and insight.
McCabe's ambitions include retiring and drinking claretand he spends his life in a state of cynicism, lack of energy and boredom. McCabe who describes himself as "a first class mind" does sometimes have good ideas, but they usually become Prentiss's ideas by the time they are presented to the client, and he lacks the energy to make more than mild objections.
McCabe is also more likely to baulk at a scheme for moral reasons than Prentiss.
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Stephen Fry said of Charles Prentiss, "He's a brute of a man, out to win, with no morals; he's completely shameless. There's not much to say that's nice about him, except that there is some pleasure in watching a natural born killer at work and knowing whatever happens he will win". Prentiss and McCabe often find themselves working on behalf of two rival clients, one of whom is often the shadier side of the Labour Government, often called their "Downing Street Retainer".
This is usually something of an inconvenience as Prentiss is met by Archie Hilditch Tony GardnerAlex Lowea faceless member of the Government, in a deserted location such as Frank Dobson 's campaign headquartersand told he needs to ruin the popularity of the organisation that he has spent half the programme building up. For example, in one episode they're employed by the government to increase the popularity of the European Unionwhile also being employed by the Eurosceptic newspaper The Sun to increase sales.
It is probably a good thing in the end, as the firm relies on these payments since neither Prentiss nor McCabe seems to want to do any real work.
The third member of the company is Sandy Siobhan Hayeswho is there as the office trainee, getting work experience for her NVQ level 2. She usually does all the work that the partners in the firm cannot be bothered to do, such as filling out thousands of public opinion polls in different handwritings, though she will only agree to do something if it can be twisted into one of the 'nine levels of competence' of her NVQ.Random Supervillain Drawing Challenge
Another member of the office is the useless Clive Tom George or as Martin calls him, 'young, er, thing', who often turns publicity stunts into bloodbaths. He first appears in series three, after Sandy leaves the company to become a nurse although due to her fiddling with the accounts, she still gets paid.
Another regular character is Maurice, the waiter at McCabe's club. Each time he serves McCabe's claret, he corrects the English pronunciation of Maurice Morris to the French Maur-eesand each time Prentiss puts him down with a verse like "One man by circumstance is in splendour set; whilst another irons pants in a laundrette. Go and iron my pants, Morris". In series 1, one of the running jokes is the company trying to avoid working on "The Sir Harold Dixon Account.
As the series goes on, Sandy becomes more frustrated, and in the last episode she changes jobs and starts working for Sir Harold. In series 2, another character was created, Gayle Shand, played by Tamsin Greig.The difference between absolute and relative stems from the choice of comparison. Absolute and relative are concepts that are used in life to know more about people, things, and ideas. For example, if there is only one internet service provider in an area, the customersnot knowing the features and services of other ISP in other areas, remain content with what they are getting.
They cannot compare the features of service and hence have an absolute experience, not relative. Though, in a marketwhen buying a product, one gets a chance to compare the product with other similar products made by several companies and this helps in choosing one that is most suitable for his requirements. Let us take a closer look at the two concepts, absolute and relative.
When you are looking at an absolute perspective, you are not taking into account other similar people or products. You are taking an object as it is and coming to a conclusion based on what it has to offer. For example, there is a concept of absolute poverty that is used in some countries to measure the economy. A threshold is set up and the households having total earnings falling below this threshold are marked as poor.
This is an absolute method of counting the number of poor in a country. The concept of absolute is used in health care industry, as well. There is an absolute risk that a person has to develop a disease or ailment in future. When nothing else of a person is taken into account, every individual has a certain risk of developing a disease later in life depending upon his physical and mental makeup.
Every individual has a genetic code that is different and thus there are differences in absolute risks of different people. When it comes to grading students too, absolute grading is used. In absolute grading, the grades are already set as more than 85 is A, more than 70 and less than 85 is B, more than 55 and less than 70 is C, etc. So, each student has a chance of scoring as long as he or she is working hard enough to meet these grade limits.
When you are looking at a relative perspective, you are taking into account other similar people or products. So, it is more of a perspective based on comparison rather than seeing something as an individual entity. Let us see how relative perspective is used with regard to poverty in some countries. The concept of relative is used in health care industry, as well.
There is a relative risk that a person has to develop a disease or ailment in future. Relative risk is a concept where people are divided into groups based upon their habits and lifestyles. For example, smokers and non-smokers are two distinct groups that have different relative risks to heart diseases.
Other groups could be obese and thin people, men and women, vegetarian and non-vegetarian, those who exercise and those who lead a sedentary lifestyle, and so on.
In relative grading of students, the grades are set according to the highest marks for a paper. Unlike in absolute grading, where a grading system already exists, in relative grading, the grades awarded depend on the marks gained by the best students. This is good for a hard paper. Think about a paper where the highest mark is In absolute grading, this would be a C. However, in a relative grading system, this can be an A. Leave a Reply Cancel reply.Concerning the nature of this power, it is seen as the shaping aspect of the construction of a reality.
When a supreme being creates a universe, multiverse, or omniverse, this is the power that said being would use to put into order and manipulate the raw stuff of creation. This power is a sculptor of omni-existence on a supreme level, but not a creator. When this ability is possessed by a non-supreme being, said being is often seen as an existential usurper of creation, rather than a deity.
If creation is the blunt instrument of a supreme entity, then this power is the scalpel that fine-tunes all of omni-continuity. To summarize, this power is capable of manipulating creation as a whole without becoming one with it.
All that is, isn't, might, might not, could, could not, can, can't and won't exist is visible and laid bare before Shinji, and nothing can be hidden from his eyes. Shinji is thus an omni-dimensional being, existing simultaneously in all Verses as their local Supreme Being, under a wide variety of names, traits and appearances.
This guarantees the sacrosanct unicity of Unlimited Being, removing all potential paradoxes, and notably explains how crossovers are possible in the first place, and why local Unlimited beings Aspects of Shinji never fight one another. Users bond cannot be broken, destroyed, manipulated, removed, separated, or severed. Nothing can ever separate the users from each other or their bond with each other.
Origin is the starting point that defines one's existence and directs one's actions throughout life. It becomes an impulsive behavior one would follow as though it were an absolute order.
It is beyond both nonexistence and existence, separate from anything, becoming the absolute value of all things. Origin is simple, but since all simple things are complex compared with its simplicity, it is called "origin". The origin stores and archives information of all beings, forces, possibilities and events, past, present, and future of the whole universe.
It is from origin that everything begins and also where everything will return to. Shinji is the origin of everything, he havs control over absolutely everything and transcend everything.
If Omnipotence is a circle which expanded more and more to infinity, then origin manipulation is the center point of that circle, the most primitive stage of omnipotence. Shinji transcends the very title of God, he overcome it by becoming the essence of omnipotence itself. The Alpha Reality or Reality of Principles is the prime and only structure of reality to exist and the one thing that originates or produces other realities. It can only be manipulated by a Supreme Being, cosmic guardian, primordial architect or collective supreme entities.
The Alpha Reality is the genesis of thought and the nexus of all realities; it defines what beings perceive as possible or impossible. Alpha Reality is also the place where reality warpers empower themselves. If the Alpha Reality is the origin for all realities and where they start from, then Omega Reality is where they all end up after their purpose has been served.
Being one with all, Shinji is everything, everywhere, every-when, and every-how, without any exception whatsoever. This grants him unlimited power, knowledge, and existence, for the very concept of limits are now irrelevant. Shinji still retains part of his former individuality and may choose to experience his new existence through avatars, mortal incarnations, or as a global cosmic force.
Shinji can correctly perceive and understand the speech, emotions and reactions of anything and everything they communicate with. Being Unlimited Being incarnate, Shinji is fully devoid of any potential weakness, the power can never be cut off or stolen, nor it's use can be disturbed, and backfired or turned against Shinji. Shinji is immune to origin destruction or any other power that effects one's lifespan, as he has none in the same sense as natural living beings.
Shinji as Being with Absolute Health is both immune to all forms of damage usually from "lesser beings" and highly resistant that only an equal force is able to cause harm. Overall, the Shinji's health is so close to being invulnerable that it may be indistinguishable from that separate ability. The concepts are so ethereal that it doesn't have an unequivocal definition that passes easily from one state of apparent definition to another. Beyond truth, reality, and everything, this power is for all intents and purposes, all-powerful.
Unlike most Almighty abilities, Physical Godhood emphasizes skill rather than power: perception equals understanding, and understanding equals control. Since the quantum foam is on an even smaller level than even quantum strings, it can bypass all the limitations that quantum strings have and even negate their effects.
As the foundation and origin of all reality, this power allows Shinji to manipulate anything and everything to the highest degree. Vectors are properties existing as either one of two types: position location and momentum velocity.To save this word, you'll need to log in. I have absolute faith in her ability to get the job done. He swore an oath of absolute secrecy.
When it comes to using computers, I'm an absolute beginner. The country is ruled by an absolute dictator. The country is an absolute monarchy. Here's what fans have to look forward to in Cincinnati.
It's the real pirates of the Caribbean—and the Carolinas," 2 July In the Chinese government announced there were million people living in absolute poverty. Send us feedback. See more words from the same century From the Editors at Merriam-Webster.
The Good, the Bad, and the Dictionary The Good, the Bad, and the Dictionary: Adjectives that Look Like Nouns There is a ruthless efficiency in the editing of dictionaries Dictionary Entries near absolute absinthine absit invidia absit omen absolute absolute altimeter absolute altitude absolute blocking.
Accessed 18 Jul. Keep scrolling for more More Definitions for absolute absolute. RockwoodU. Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible. Name that color: orange wisteria aqua chartreuse Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?
Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! It depends on what you base your decision. And who put it there, anyway?
Literally How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts. Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice? Additional colors!The power to be eternal and indestructible. Sub-power of Omnipotence. Absolute version of Immortality.
Not to be confused with Eternal Existence. Any injuries the user suffers will immediately healeven if the user's body is disintegrated or blown up or completely erased and even if the user is completely destroyed to the sub-atomic level, they will still return to life.
Alternately, some users are absolutely immune to all harm, and can never die from any natural causes. Either way, they are inerasable and are unaffected to time manipulation of any level. Users completely transcend the concept death itself, though many users transcend both the concepts of life and death. The user's existence and soul become completely free and independent of even the concept of reality, making them unbound to the subjects of life, death, and manipulations.
User's existence is eternal to the point that they would not only continue to exist even after the end of time but would also remain completely unaffected and unchanged by it, essentially outliving time itself. Also, the power cannot be removed by any means. Overall, only a truly Omnipotent being can kill the user or affect their immortality, thus rendering their immortality truly perfect and absolute. See Also: Complete Immortality. Sign In Don't have an account?
Start a Wiki. Hence it is proper to speak of eternity as the attribute of God, but of immortality as the attribute of man. Time flows by us like water. The ages pass until we are weary, so weary of life. Everything we create is destroyed, the lands we love are upturned. Mortal man may pass beyond this world, even if they do not know what lies there, but the elves You are about to face something, Ancanar, that may require stronger faith then you now have.
Contents [ show ]. Azathoth rising by butttornado-d6ubveu. Azathoth Cthulhu Mythos can never be killed as the concept of death is apart of it's dream thus making it's absolutely immortal. Each of the six Guardians of Time Doctor who is absolutely immortal and cannot be killed by anything including the timelords who have the means to erase someone on a conceptual scale. Lady of Pain Planescape mask. Lady of Pain Planescape is absolutely immortal and is completely immune to the Last Word itself even when used by a true god.
As the archetype of Earth, Arcueid Brunestud Tsukihime is completely immune to the all-killing mystic eyes of death and has been directly stated by an Omnipotent being to have no death.
Lord Ao. Sun Wukong Journey to the West became unable to die or be harmed in any way after eating both the food of the heavens and erasing his name off death's register.Absolute monarchy   or absolutism as doctrine is a form of monarchy in which the monarch holds supreme autocratic authority, principally not being restricted by written laws, legislatureor customs.
In contrast, in constitutional monarchiesthe head of state 's authority derives from or is legally bound or restricted by a constitution or legislature. The popularity of the notion of absolute monarchy declined substantially after the French Revolutionwhich promoted theories of government based on popular sovereignty. Some monarchies have a weak or symbolic legislature and other governmental bodies which the monarch can alter or dissolve at will.
Countries where monarchs still maintain absolute power are: BruneiEswatiniOmanSaudi ArabiaVatican City and the individual emirates composing the United Arab Emirateswhich itself is a federation of such monarchies — a federal monarchy. In Ancient Egyptthe Pharaoh wielded absolute power over the country and was considered a living god by his people. In ancient Mesopotamiamany rulers of AssyriaBabylonia and Sumer were absolute monarchs as well.
In ancient and medieval India, rulers of the MauryaSatavahanaGuptaChola and Chalukya Empires, as well as other major and minor empires, were considered absolute monarchs.
In the Khmer Empirethe kings were called ' Devaraja ' and ' Chakravartin ' King of the worldand exercised absolute power over the empire and people. Throughout Imperial Chinamany emperors and one empress Wu Zetian wielded absolute power through the Mandate of Heaven. In pre-Columbian Americathe Inca Empire was ruled by a Sapa Incawho was considered the son of Intithe sun god and absolute ruler over the people and nation.
Korea under the Joseon dynasty and short-lived empire was also an absolute monarchy. Throughout much of European history, the divine right of kings was the theological justification for absolute monarchy.
Many European monarchs, claimed supreme autocratic power by divine right, and that their subjects had no rights to limit their power. Charles I's attempt to enforce episcopal polity on the Church of Scotland led to rebellion by the Covenanters and the Bishops' Warsthen fears that Charles I was attempting to establish absolutist government along European lines was a major cause of the English Civil Wardespite the fact that he did rule this way for 11 years starting inafter dissolving the Parliament of England for a time.
By the 19th century, the Divine Right was regarded as an obsolete theory in most countries in the Western worldexcept in Russia where it was still given credence as the official justification for the Tsar's power until February Revolution in There is a considerable variety of opinion by historians on the extent of absolutism among European monarchs. Some, such as Perry Andersonargue that quite a few monarchs achieved levels of absolutist control over their states, while historians such as Roger Mettam dispute the very concept of absolutism.
Renaissance historian William Bouwsma summed up this contradiction:. Nothing so clearly indicates the limits of royal power as the fact that governments were perennially in financial trouble, unable to tap the wealth of those ablest to pay, and likely to stir up a costly revolt whenever they attempted to develop an adequate income.
In the Ottoman Empiremany sultans wielded absolute power through heavenly mandates reflected in their title, the "Shadow of God on Earth". Absolutism was underpinned by a written constitution for the first time in Europe in Kongeloven'King's Law' of Denmark-Norwaywhich ordered that the Monarch. This law consequently authorized the king to abolish all other centers of power. Most important was the abolition of the Council of the Realm in Denmark.
Absolute monarchy lasted until in Norway, and in Denmark. Though some historians [ who?A superpower is a state with a dominant position characterized by its extensive ability to exert influence or project power on a global scale.
This is done through the combined means of economic, military, technological and cultural strength as well as diplomatic and soft power influence. Traditionally, superpowers are preeminent among the great powers.
At the end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union inonly the United States appeared to be a superpower.
No agreed definition of what is a superpower exists and may differ between sources. The term was first used to describe nations with greater than great power status as early asbut only gained its specific meaning with regard to the United States and to a lesser extent, the Soviet Union after World War II. This was because the United States and the Soviet Union had proved themselves to be capable of casting great influence in global politics and military dominance.
The term in its current political meaning was coined by Dutch-American geostrategist Nicholas Spykman in a series of lectures in about the potential shape of a new post-war world order.
This formed the foundation for the book The Geography of the Peacewhich referred primarily to the unmatched maritime global supremacy of the British Empire and United States as essential for peace and prosperity in the world. A year later inWilliam T. Foxan American foreign policy professor, elaborated on the concept in the book The Superpowers: The United States, Britain and the Soviet Union — Their Responsibility for Peace which spoke of the global reach of a super-empowered nation.
According to him, at that moment there were three states that were superpowers, namely the United States, the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom. Ultimately, Britain's empire would gradually dissolve over the course of the 20th century, sharply reducing its global power projection. According to Lyman Miller, "[t]he basic components of superpower stature may be measured along four axes of power: military, economic, political, and cultural or what political scientist Joseph Nye has termed " soft power " ".
In the opinion of Kim Richard Nossal of Queen's University in Canada, "generally this term was used to signify a political community that occupied a continental-sized landmass, had a sizable population relative at least to other major powers ; a superordinate economic capacity, including ample indigenous supplies of food and natural resources; enjoyed a high degree of non-dependence on international intercourse; and, most importantly, had a well-developed nuclear capacity eventually normally defined as second strike capability ".
In the opinion of Professor Paul Dukes"a superpower must be able to conduct a global strategy including the possibility of destroying the world; to command vast economic potential and influence; and to present a universal ideology". Although "many modifications may be made to this basic definition". Ian Bremmerpresident of the Eurasia Groupargues that a superpower is "a country that can exert enough military, political, and economic power to persuade nations in every region of the world to take important actions they would not otherwise take".
Apart from its common denotation of the foremost post-WWII states, the term superpower has colloquially been applied by some authors retrospectively to describe various preeminent ancient great empires or medieval great powersin works such as Channel 5 UK 's documentary Rome: The World's First Superpower or the reference in The New Cambridge Medieval History to "the other superpower, Sasanian Persia ". The Suez Crisis suggested that Britainfinancially weakened by two world wars, could not then pursue its foreign policy objectives on an equal footing with the new superpowers without sacrificing convertibility of its reserve currency as a central goal of policy.
The war had reinforced the position of the United States as the world's largest long-term creditor nation  and its principal supplier of goods; moreover it had built up a strong industrial and technological infrastructure that had greatly advanced its military strength into a primary position on the global stage. The two countries opposed each other ideologically, politically, militarily, and economically.
The Soviet Union promoted the ideology of Marxism—Leninismplanned economy and a one-party state whilst the United States promoted the ideologies of liberal democracy and the free market in a capitalist market economy.
These alliances implied that these two nations were part of an emerging bipolar world, in contrast with a previously multipolar world. The idea that the Cold War period revolved around only two blocs, or even only two nations, has been challenged by some scholars in the post—Cold War era, who have noted that the bipolar world only exists if one ignores all of the various movements and conflicts that occurred without influence from either of the two superpowers.
After the Soviet Union disintegrated in the early s, the term hyperpower began to be applied to the United States as the sole remaining superpower of the Cold War era.
One notable opponent to this theory is Samuel P. Huntingtonwho rejects this theory in favor of a multipolar balance of power. Other international relations theorists such as Henry Kissinger theorize that because the threat of the Soviet Union no longer exists to formerly American-dominated regions such as Western Europe and Japan, American influence is only declining since the end of the Cold War because such regions no longer need protection or have necessarily similar foreign policies as the United States.
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in which ended the Cold Warthe post—Cold War world has in the past been considered by some to be a unipolar world,   with the United States as the world's sole remaining superpower.
Huntington wrote: "The United States, of course, is the sole state with preeminence in every domain of power — economic, military, diplomatic, ideological, technological, and cultural — with the reach and capabilities to promote its interests in virtually every part of the world".
However, Huntington rejected the claim that the world was unipolar, arguing: "There is now only one superpower. But that does not mean that the world is unipolar," describing it instead as "a strange hybrid, a uni-multipolar system with one superpower and several major powers".
He further wrote that "Washington is blind to the fact that it no longer enjoys the dominance it had at the end of the Cold War. It must relearn the game of international politics as a major power, not a superpower, and make compromises". Experts argue that this older single-superpower assessment of global politics is too simplified, in part because of the difficulty in classifying the European Union at its current stage of development.
Others argue that the notion of a superpower is outdated, considering complex global economic interdependencies and propose that the world is multipolar. A report by the National Intelligence Council predicted that the United States superpower status will have eroded to merely being first among equals bybut that it would remain highest among the world's most powerful countries because of its influence in many different fields and global connections that the great regional powers of the time would not match.
Shatz, and policy analyst Ali Wyne, Russia in the breakdown of a disintegrating unipolar world order, whilst not a peer competitor to the United States, would still remain a player and a potential rogue state that would undermine global affairs.
The West could contain Russia with methods like those employed during the cold war with the Soviet Union, though this would be tested by Russia's overt and covert efforts to destabilize Western alliances and political systems.